he uniqueness of Benanti wines produced on Etna benefit from the proximity of
the sea and particular volcanic sandy soil; furthermore, the vine growing
region stretches on a conic-frustum-shaped surface with climatic influence
due to altitude and exposure.
Altitude affects the microclimates with remarkable daily, monthly and yearly
temperature changes (of almost 30°C), thus affecting the processes of blossoming,
veraison and ripening of the grapes. Luminosity as well depends upon exposure
and affects the enzyme phenomena responsible for acid and sugar metabolism,
and, therefore the quality of the grapes. Both factors, altitude and exposure,
in correlation, cause different microclimates.
To exalt the vitivincultural potentialities of the different Etnean territories,
these attentive evaluations have directed the selection of microzones to
be devoted to vineyards. These microzones also host some of the oldest
vines not only in the Etnean territory, but in the whole island. They are
indigenous, very noble vines, which survived the phylloxera epidemic of
the last part of the 19th century: Nerello Mascalese, Carricante, Minnella
and Nerello Cappuccio.